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  • Trademarks in India are a crucial aspect of intellectual property rights, providing protection to the owner/registered proprietor and ensuring the exclusive use of the mark in connection with the goods or services for which it is registered. 

  • The Trademarks Act, 1999, defines and governs trademarks in India, providing protection to the owner/registered proprietor of the mark.

  • The Act recognizes registered trademarks, well-known trademarks, and trade dress, offering extraordinary protection based on their international, national, and cross-border reputation.

  • Infringement of a trademark occurs when an individual or organization, not being the registered owner or an authorized user, uses a mark identical or deceptively similar to a registered trademark in relation to goods or services for which the mark is registered.

  • The registered owner can take legal action against infringement to obtain relief.

  • Copyright protection in India is granted under the Copyright Act, 1957, and Copyright Rules, 1958.

  • Copyright grants creators exclusive rights over their literary, artistic, and other creative works, and registration is recommended to establish ownership and protect against infringement.

  • The protection lasts for the lifetime of the creator plus 60 years after the creator's death, after which the work becomes part of the public domain.

  • Copyright is a legal framework that grants creators exclusive rights over their literary, artistic, and other creative works, such as books, music, films, software, and databases.

  • The copyright owner also has the right to authorize others to use the work and to receive royalties for such use.

  • Registration of copyright is not mandatory in India, but it is recommended as it creates a public record of ownership, which can be useful in establishing ownership in case of infringement.

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  • A patent is a form of intellectual property that grants inventors exclusive rights to their inventions for a limited period, typically 20 years from the date of filing the application. Patents can be granted for products or processes that are new, useful, and non-obvious.

  • Patent maintenance involves paying fees to the patent office to keep the patent in force. Failure to pay these fees can result in the patent being cancelled or lapsing. Developing a patent strategy involves identifying the most valuable aspects of the invention and seeking patent protection for those aspects. It also involves considering the competitive landscape, potential licensing opportunities, and the cost of obtaining and maintaining patents.

  • Developing a patent strategy that aligns with business goals is also essential for success.

  • Patent professionals can provide valuable guidance and assistance throughout the patent process, and conducting a patent search can help inventors avoid infringing on existing patents and identify potential licensing opportunities.

  • Geographical Indications (GIs) are a type of intellectual property right that refers to the geographical origin of a product, conveying an assurance of quality and distinctiveness due to its origin in a defined geographical locality, region, or country.

  • In India, GIs are protected under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999, and are administered by the Geographical Indications Registry.

  • GIs are typically used for spirit drinks, foodstuffs, agricultural products, handicrafts, and industrial products, and they ensure that only authorized users are allowed to use the popular product name.

  • The GI tag helps consumers get quality products of desired traits and is assured of authenticity, promoting the economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods by enhancing their demand in national and international markets.

  • It facilitates those who have the right to use the indication to prohibit its usage by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards, promoting cultural preservation, economic development, and sustainable tourism.

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